Germany is the country that has seen one of the highest numbers of international students going there in recent years. Also, after the United States of America, Germany is the most popular choice for immigrants.
There was a time when international students kept Germany off their lists because of the language barrier. Germany was quite rigid about ensuring that students who went to the country to study had a certain level of proficiency in German. Necessary certifications were needed to prove that. However, lately, they have relaxed their language-related norms a lot, and many colleges and universities in Germany now offer graduate and post-graduate programmes in English. This has opened up the country to international students, and they have been taking full advantage of a very high standard of education system.
Joy of Living:
Although the image of Germany internationally is that of a country full of serious and hardworking people who do not know how to enjoy life, the facts are quite the opposite. First and foremost, Germany is a country of beautiful landscapes and lakes. Also, there is everything that a young student international student would need to enjoy staying and studying for getting a degree. Contrary to the backdated belief, student life in Germany is full of excitement and fun!
Research in Germany:
Germany provides researchers with top-class infrastructure, and offers them a wide variety of disciplines. Also, research in Germany need not happen only in universities. There are institutions run by the federal state authorities, companies and non-university institutions that not only promote but sponsor research. German research facilities have competent and extremely supportive staff, giving international students one of the best reasons to study in Germany.
An Economic Super-power:
Germany is the world’s third-largest exporter of goods. It has a very highly skilled labour force, and a large stock of capital. Among all the member countries of the European Union, Germany has the lowest youth unemployment rate. The country has very low levels of corruption, and has the highest labour productivity in the world. It was Germany which introduced the Euro, in 2002. Germany, therefore has one of the most stable economies in the world.
The primary responsibilities of supervising the educational system and functions in Germany lie with the federal states. Kindergarten education is optional for students between three and six, but the federal states offer it to every child. After this level, it becomes mandatory for all students to attend school for nine years. The secondary schooling system in Germany has three different levels- one for the most talented and meritorious children, another for those are at the intermediate level, and one for those who want vocational education. Some best universities in germany are run by the government, and do not charge fees. International students who want to study abroad Germany can avail academic education that is tuition free.
General Life as a Student in Germany
As we already know, education offered is of a very high standard in Germany, and is cheap. International students can get tuition free education. Also, since universities in the country function under the government, no compromise is made in any aspect of maintaining the high standard of the academic environment and output, whether at the undergraduate level, or at the Masters, or at the research level. Besides, Germany having become a top choice for international students, students get to experience the best of many vibrant cultures, and they become educated, open and broadminded individuals. The summers in Germany are especially beautiful and add to the charm of living in Germany.
Working While Studying in Germany
For a large number of international students, this option is why they are attracted to Germany the most. International students have free access to the German job market, and we have already discussed how rich it is. For students of non-EU or non-EEA countries, there is the option of working while studying, for one hundred and twenty days a year. The earning could very well be six to ten euros every hour. Often, international students take up jobs in libraries or other facilities within their educational institutions. Students can, with necessary permissions and paperwork continue working after graduation.
It is therefore not a surprise that a large number of Germany’s international students are Indian. For Indian students, the weather, the life and the educational and professional opportunities that the country offers are too lucrative to be ignored. The only requirements for Indian students are to have all paperwork in place, and to be really determined to come out with flying colours from a world-class system of education.
Germany is officially the Federal Republic of Germany. It is also known as Deutschland. The country in the central-western Europe is a federal parliamentary republic that includes sixteen states, and has eighty-two million inhabitants, making it the most populous member-country of the European Union. Also significant is the fact that Germany is the most popular choice for immigrants, after the United States of America. The capital of Germany is Berlin, and it is also the largest metropolitan city of the country. Other cities that are famously known across the world are Munich, Cologne, Stuttgart, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Dresden and Hannover.
Germany covers an area of 3,57,021 square kilometers and has a seasonal climate that is mostly temperate. Germany has in its north Denmark, Switzerland in the south, Poland and Czech Republic in the east and France, Belgium and Luxembourg in the west. Austria lies in its southeast and Netherlands in the north-west. The North Sea and the Baltic Sea also form the borders of Germany. The country also shares a freshwater border with Switzerland and Austria. This freshwater lake is Lake Constance, and it is the largest lake in Central Europe. In its area of 3,57,021 square kilometers, land constitutes 3,49,223 square kilometers, and water 7,798 square kilometers. Germany is the sixty-second largest country in the world, and the seventh largest in Europe.
Due it its position in Europe, Germany has evolved as the transport hub of the region. Its motorway network, popular as Autobahn, is the third-largest in length. The road network in the country is one of the densest in the continent. A network of high-speed trains crisscrosses the country. It connects even neighbouring countries with Germany. The Inter-city Express runs at a speed of three hundred kilometers per hour. Frankfurt and Munich Airports are the largest ones in Germany. Air Berlin and Lufthansa are the major German airlines, having their hubs at Berlin Tegel, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt and Munich.
When it was established in 1871, Germany had a thriving Jewish minority, along with Protestant and Roman Catholic Christians; with the former constituting two-third of the total Christian population. The Holocaust erased the Jewish community almost completely. After 1945, East Germany increasingly became less religious, while West Germany had more religious diversity. Both, the diversification and the loss of interest in religions continued after Germany became unified in 1990, and since then there has been a spurt in the population practicing Evangelical Protestantism and Islam. Today, Islam is the second-largest religion of the country.
Politics and Economy:
The German political system works in accordance with the framework laid down in a constitutional document known as the Grundgesetz. This document came into existence in 1949, and the word Grundgesetz means “basic law.” The articles of the German constitution guarantee human dignity, and focus on separation of powers, maintaining the federal structure, rule of law, etc. The President has representative powers and responsibilities, and is elected by the Bundesversammlung, which is an institution that consists of members of Bundestag and state delegates. The members of the Bundestag are elected directly by the citizens, through proportional representation. In the hierarchy, after the President comes the President of the Bundestag, and then comes the Chancellor, who runs the government. The Chancellor is appointed by the President of the Bundestag, after he or she is elected by the Bundestag. The Chancellor has the executive powers, and functions like the Prime Ministers of various countries. The two main political parties of Germany are the Christian Democratic Union and the Social Democratic Party.
The country has a social market economy. Along with a large capital stovk, it also has a highly skilled workforce. It is the world’s third-largest exporter of goods, and has the largest national economy in Europe. The automotive industry in Germany is world-famous, and is the fourth largest in production. The country has the lowest youth unemployment, and the highest labour productivity in the world.
Many Universities in Germany are public institutions, offering Masters and other post graduate degrees in various fields of studies. It is mandatory for students to attend high school for three to five years. The graduate programmes offered by the universities are highly rewarding, academically. For Indian students, study in Germany is an especially lucrative option, as most of the courses are now conducted in English. The country’s pleasant weather, especially in the summer is an extra bonus for living in Germany. One may even want to work in that country after completing the academic courses. To get answers to the why and how of studying in Germany, including tips and knowledge about requirements, students may feel free to contact the Indian embassy.
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